It started with the Moors in Rome--Septimus Severus
Black rulership of the Roman Empire begins in 193 A.D.
with African born, Roman Emperor Septimus Severus. There were four other
Black emperors after the Severus dynasty.
Hannibal, the father of military strategy, performed the astounding feat of
crossing the Alps on elephants in 218 B.C. With only 26,000 of his
original force of 82,000 troops remaining, Hannibal defeated Rome, the mightiest
military power of the age, who had a million men, in every battle for the next
fifteen years. His tactics are still taught in leading military academies
of the U.S., Europe & other lands.
Black ruler ship was widespread in Europe during the “Dark” & Middle Ages!
The original “knights” of England were Black! --including the knights of King
Arthur’s Round Table! That’s why they were called “knights” after the
night or darkness of their skin.
An African king named Gormund ruled Ireland during the Anglo-Saxon period in
England reports the medieval historian Geoffrey of Monmouth.
Halfdan the Black was the first Africoid king to unite Norway.
When the British Isles were invaded by the Vikings some of these Norse
raiders were Africoid. In fact, different varieties of ‘Viking’ Africans
lived in Scandinavia during the middle ages and are frequently mentioned in
There were Black Huns! The dictionary describes the Huns as “a fierce
barbaric race of Asiatic nomads who led by Attila, ravaged Europe I the 4th and
5th centuries A.D.” The Gothic writer Jordannes described their infamous
leader, Attila the Hun as having “a flat nose and swarthy complexion.” He
describes the types of Huns he had seen as “of dark complexion, almost black...
broad shoulder, flat noses and small eyres.”
The African Moors dominated southwest Europe during the Middle Ages for 700
years: 711-1492 A.D. African Moors ruling southwest Europe centuries, darkened
whites in this area, especially Portal, which was “the first example of a Negrito (African) republic in Europe?"
Moors ruling Scotland in the 10th century mixed with whites until the black
skin color disappeared.
(1744 - 1818)
Charlotte Sophia - Wife
King George III - England
Black Celts (Silures) & Black Vikings vexed with the Scandinavia people.
A prominent Viking of the eleventh century was Thorhall, who was aboard the ship
that carried the early Vikings to the shores of North America. Thorhall was "the
huntsman in summer and in winter the steward of Eric the Red. He was a large
man and strong, black, and like a giant, silent, and foul-mouthed in his speech,
and always egged on Eric to the worst; he was a bad Christian."
Another Viking, more notable than Thorhall, was Earl Thorfinn, "the most
distinguished of all the earls in the Islands." Thorfinn ruled over nine
earldoms in Scotland and Ireland, and died at the age of seventy-five. His
widow married the king of Scotland. Thorfinn was described as "one of the
largest men in point of stature, and ugly, sharp featured, and somewhat
tawny, and the most martial looking man. It has been related that he was the
foremost of all his men."
The black blood type is common even in Nordic Europe where intermixing has been
happening since antiquity.
Black slavery lasted in England for about 400 years (1440-1834), during which
time much intermixing occurred.
RUNOKO RASHIDI, Ancient African people, sometimes
called Moors, are known to have had a significant presence and
influence in early Rome. African soldiers, specifically identified as
Moors, were actively recruited for Roman military service and were
stationed in Britain, France, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Poland
and Romania. Many of these Africans rose to high rank. Lusius
Quietus, for example, was one of Rome's greatest generals and was
named by Roman Emperor Trajan (98-117 C.E.) as his successor. Quietus
is described as a "man of Moorish race and considered the ablest
soldier in the Roman army."
I turned around and
saw a marvelous bust of Septimius Severus. And then I saw busts and
statues of Septimius' two sons--Geta and Caracalla and they all
looked Africoid too, some more so than others. I had stumbled
(or was I divinely led?) into a room that I had no prior knowledge
of filled with these images of African looking Roman emperors!
dynasty, known to historians as the Severan Dynasty, began with the
accession to the throne of Septimius Severus in 193 C.E. In
actuality, Septimius shared the throne for two years with a certain
Pesennius Niger. Indeed, could Pesennius Niger, another of Rome's
outstanding military commanders, himself have been an African? His
name certainly indicates the possibility.
Records state that Septimius was born in Leptis Magna on the North
African coast (modern day Libya) on April 11, 146 C.E. And
Septimius was not just born in Africa. Numerous pictures, busts and
statues of him show him to be Black.
Septimius, coming from a family of Romanized Africans, received a
education rooted in Roman literature and quickly learned to speak
Latin. After his formal education was completed he adopted an
official career and became a civil magistrate. Later, he became a
military commander, and this took him to Rome where he proved
himself an able and popular and conscious military leader. He is
even said to have built a marble tomb for Hannibal Barca--early
Rome's African nemesis.
Among other things, Septimius had a mighty arch constructed in
the Roman Forum and even journeyed back to Africa, including
Egypt, around 203 C.E. Can you imagine Emperor Septimius sailing
on the Nile? Imagine what he might have thought as he gazed at
the pyramids and walked through the Karnak and Luxor temples.
After a distinguished career often characterized by one
military exploit after another, Septimius died conducting yet
another military campaign, this one in York in Britain, on
February 4, 211 C. E. at the age of sixty-five, after a reign of
seventeen years, eight months and three days..
Septimius Severus was succeeded in 211 by his sons Lucius
Septimius Geta (211-212 C.E.) and Marcus Aurelius Antoninus aka
Caracalla (211-217 C.E.). They were in turn followed by Marcus
Opellius Macrinus (217-218 C.E.) and Heliogabalus (218-222 C.
E.), and then Severus Alexander (222-235 C.E.), with whose reign
the dynasty culminated and who restored the Roman Coliseum to its
This line is known as the Severan Dynasty and the National
Roman Museum busts and statues and sculptures of the
representatives of this dynasty strongly testify to their African
identity. They are powerful images and like the statues and busts
and sculptures of ancient Egypt I found the noses missing on all
of them save one of Septimius' son Caracalla. And the face
adorning the bust of Severus Alexander, the last member of the
dynasty, is even more Africoid looking than that of Septimius
Severus, the dynasty's founder.
CHRONOLOGY OF AFRICANS IN EUROPE
Venus of Willendorf figurines carved
Egyptian King Senwosret colonizes
Greece and founded Athens.
Nubian Taharka leads force into Spain
Carthaginian Hannibal defeats Rome
256 BC - AD 253
Thousands of Africans serve in Roman Army
Islamic Africans invade and rule Spain
Moors begin invasion of Sicily and Rome
The Venus of Willendorf figurines are some of the oldest
carvings in Europe. Dating back to the Upper Paleolithic, around 32,000 BC, they
are found in countries such as Austria and France.
The ancient Mediterranean has long been
home to Africans. In ancient Greece Africans figured prominently into many
aspects of society and contact between the two groups was frequent. Black types
can be found as early as Minoan Crete and are mentioned frequently in later
Grecian writings. The Greek historian Herodotus stated, "Almost all of the names
of the gods came into Greece from Egypt...The Egyptians were the first to
introduce solemn assemblies, processions, and litanies to the gods, all of which
the Greeks were taught to use." The relationship of several Greek deities to
African deities has long been noted. Examples include the following: Athena to
Neith; Hermes to Thoth; Hesphatus to Ptah. It is also Herodotus who tells us of
the legend which lists the Egyptian king Sewosret (Seosteris I, II, or III) as
the colonizer of Greece and founder of Athens.
By 1507 there were numerous Moors at the Court of King
James IV of Scotland. One of them was "Helenor in the Court Accounts, possibly
Ellen More, who reached Edinburgh by way of the port of Leith and acted a
principal role in 'the turnament of the black knight and the black lady,' in
which the king of Scotland played the part of the black knight." Ellen More
incidentally is also called "Black Elen." There were at least two other Black
Moorish women of the royal court who held positions of some status as they are
said to have held maidservants and expensive gowns. There is also mention of a "Nageir
the More." In 1501 one of the King's Minstrels was Peter the Moryen or Moor who
is described as Black. Frederick II (1197-1250), of the Hohenstaufen dynasty,
maintained a close relationship with the remaining Moors in Sicily. A
descendant of the Black Moors ruled Spain for 700 years.
The term Hyksos has come to refer to the whole of these
people who ruled Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period of Egypt's ancient
history, and had to be driven out of the land by the last ruler of the
17th Dynasty and the earliest ruler of Egypt's
ABOUT two thousand years before Christ, Egypt was
conquered by the invasion of a nomadic horde from Asia, whom the native
Egyptians afterward called in hate and derision the Hyksos or "shepherd kings."
These Hyksos ruled for four centuries without ever becoming really united with
the Egyptians. The power of the invaders was constantly recruited by the coming
of other Asiatic nomads, whom they naturally welcomed as allies. Most celebrated
of these additions to their number was that of the "children of Israel."
Perhaps the Hyksos sovereign-in whose time the Hebrew shepherd lad, Joseph, was
brought as a slave into Egypt-was the Set-ah-peti of whom a later monarch speaks
as ruling about this time, and being a mighty king favored by the gods. We
cannot, however, speak fully of those days; for in after years the Egyptians
destroyed every record they could find of the hated Hyksos.
Kassites? Aramaeans? Amorites? Hapiru?
The Hyksos were surely the Biblical
i.e. Palestinians. According to the Bible,
Moses took the daughter of their King as a wife.
The five Midianite kings of the five cities were
according to the Bible - destroyed by Moses
for their allegiance with the Moabites.
These are the kings Evi, Rekem, Zur, Hur and Reba and these are the Hyksos kings
Scheschi, Apopi II, Apopi I, Chian and Jakobher on the Egyptian hieroglyphs as
the Hyksos Kings.
relationships between Mediterranean populations determined by HLA allele
distribution and a historic perspective
HLA genes allele distribution has been studied in Mediterranean and
sub-Saharan populations. Their relatedness has been tested by genetic
distances, neighbor-joining dendrograms and correspondence analyses. The
population genetic relationships have been compared with the history of the
classical populations living in the area. A revision of the historic
postulates would have to be undertaken, particularly in the cases when
genetics and history are overtly discordant. HLA genomics shows that: 1)
Greeks share an important part of their genetic pool with sub-Saharan
Africans (Ethiopians and West Africans) also supported by Chr 7 Markers. The
gene flow from Black Africa to
Greece may have occurred in Pharaonic times or when Saharan people emigrated
after the present hyperarid conditions were established (5000 years B. C.).
2) Turks (Anatolians) do not significantly differ from other
Mediterranean’s, indicating that while the Asians Turks carried out an
invasion with cultural significance (language), it is not genetically
detectable. 3) Kurds and Armenians are genetically very close to Turks and
other Middle East populations. 4) There is no HLA genetic trace of the so
called Aryan invasion, which has only been defined on doubtful linguistic
bases. 5) Iberians, including Basques, are related to north-African Berbers.
6) Present-day Algerian and Moroccan urban and country people show an
indistinguishable Berber HLA profile.
Ethiopian Jews are Haplogroup A at 41%. This haplogroup is the earliest
human haplogroups of people living on Earth. These men are the closest to
ADAM. The Bible suggests in Genesis [Hebrew=Bereshith] and elsewhere that
Eden was along the Nile River. Therefore, it would make sense that this
earliest Y chromosome haplogroup would be found in Sudan and Egypt.
Finch, Charles. Europe in Prehistory and Echoes
of the Old Darkland.
Garreau, Joel. "Terror as an Organizing Principle
of Society," Washington Post, 19 Mar 2002, p C0.
MacRitchie, David. Ancient & Modern Britons, Preston Collection,
Rogers, J.A. Nature Knows No Color-Line: Research into the Negro
Ancestry in the White Race Helga Rogers; 3rd Edition (June 1980).
Rogers, J. A. Sex and Race: Negro-Caucasian Mixing in All Ages
and All Lands: The Old World Helga Rogers, (June 1970).
Scobie, Edward. Black Britannia: A History of Blacks in Britain
Johnson Pub Company (March 1972).
Antigens, Volume 60, Number 2, August 2002, pp 111-121(11)
Valentine, Douglas. “Homeland Security for whom?” Are Bush,
Ashcroft, and Wolfowitz Protecting America or Their Own Regime? (Aug 11, 2003)
Van Sertima, Ivan: African Presence in Early Europe, Transaction
Publications (December 1986).